Spanish anarchists, socialists and communists were secular and wanted to remove the influence of the Catholic Church from Spanish society. InSpain experienced a bloodless coup when Alfonso agreed that General Primo de Rivera should take control of Spain. The Nationalists drove a salient eastward through Teruelreaching the Mediterranean and splitting the republic in two in April Those victorious at the election then declared Spain a republic and monarchy was abolished.
The civil war started in July Despite heavy Union casualties in the Battle of the Wilderness and at Spotsylvania both Mayat Cold Harbor early June and the key rail center of Petersburg JuneGrant pursued a strategy of attrition, putting Petersburg under siege for the next nine months.
The war also had mobilized many artists and intellectuals to take up arms. The targeting of civilians was a premonition of what was to come in WWII - no lines drawn between civilian and combatant. The Constitution also separated the Church and State. The little industry that Spain had was also hit by the Depression.
Jesuits — seen as hard line Roman Catholics — were expelled from Spain — ironically the country that had founded the movement. Matters came to a head when in January25 people were killed by government troops who were attempting to catch some anarchists near Cadiz.
Hitler drew closer to his former enemy, Italy. Army lost its pre-eminence in society after Morocco gained independence in After much of Catalonia was captured in andand Madrid was cut off from Barcelona, it was obvious to everyone that the Republican military position was hopeless.
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Congress passed the Kansas- Nebraska Act, which essentially opened all new territories to slavery by asserting the rule of popular sovereignty over congressional edict. In this election, the right wing won a majority of support and the largest party in the parliament known as the Corteswas the Ceda lead by Gil Robles.
Some historians argue that Franco protracted the war to enhance his power, but Stalin had a tendency to drag fighting out. Catalonia did receive some degree of self-government. Those associated with the losing Republicans were persecuted by the victorious Nationalists.
Spain was and is a diverse society. He was deemed to have betrayed the working class. Many army officers were made to retire early The huge estates in Spain were nationalised i.
Also in JulyUnion forces under Ulysses S. The acute poverty of the Spanish people meant that many were drawn to Communism, Anarchism and Socialism.
The little industry that Spain had was also hit by the Depression. They laid siege to it but were unable to get beyond the University City area. The government tried to attack those it deemed as having too many privileges in society.
These four potentially very powerful bodies were unwilling to support the republican government in Madrid. From The Second World War: He introduced public works schemes building roads and irrigating the land. He took control of Spanish Morocco after overthrowing the civilian government there.
This was a serious error of judgement as the Catalans and Basques had supported the government in the elections. By July 21 the rebels had achieved control in Spanish Morocco, the Canary Islandsand the Balearic Islands except Minorca and in the part of Spain north of the Guadarrama mountains and the Ebro Riverexcept for Asturias, Santanderand the Basque provinces along the north coast and the region of Catalonia in the northeast.
Azana resigned as prime minister and elections were called for November Due to his position in command of the Army of Africa because important German aid came through him.
On March 7 a civil war broke out in Madrid between communist and anticommunist factions. Pushed foreign policy away from potential western alliances against Germany, only one to appease Germany.
Remained neutral, yet horrified by the atrocities of the Spanish Civil War. The civil war started in July The government believed that the army had too much say in politics and determined to reduce its influence.
Inan army was sent to Spanish Morocco to put down a rebellion. Prime exports such as olive oil and wine fell in value and previously used agricultural land fell into disuse. Oct 15, · Watch video · The Civil War in the United States began inafter decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states’ rights and westward expansion.
The election of. Anthony Beevor, The Spanish Civil War Hugh Thomas The Spanish Civil War. Websites to find out more about the war: A detailed examination of the Spanish Civil War from the Spartacus website. A left wing history of the war. A page from the Modern American Poetry site that contains a good timeline of the war.
The war was a result of many factors, some of which will be discussed here. The main cause of the Spanish Civil War, was the failure of Spanish democracy. This was because there was a refusal by the Spanish parties and groups to compromise and respect democratic norms.
Background. Spain was a very divided, unstable and weak country in the 19th century. What were the causes of the Spanish Civil War? Between and overpeople were killed in the Spanish Civil War so this cannot be considered a ‘little’ war that was overshadowed by the problems that were occurring in Europe during these years.
InSpain was a constitutional monarchy. The king was Alfonso XIII. Immediate causes of the Spanish Civil War • The victory of the left in the elections threw CEDA into turmoil, and Gil-Robles began to organize a coup.
-Military officers had been planning. The Spanish civil war started as a distinctly Spanish war born out of Spanish disputes but it was soon to take on an international character. It mirrored the political disputes occurring in Europe at the time between Fascism and democracy on one hand and the opposition to godless Communism on the other.Causes of spanish civil war